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  • Writer's pictureAmit Sachdeva

Trusteeship MODEL OF Mahatma Gandhi


The trusteeship model, introduced by Mahatma Gandhi, is a socio-economic concept that emphasizes the equitable distribution of wealth and resources in society. Gandhi believed that wealth and property should be held and utilized by individuals and businesses as trustees, rather than as absolute owners.


According to Gandhi, those who possess wealth or resources have a moral obligation to utilize them for the benefit of society as a whole. He argued that wealth is not an end in itself but a means to serve and uplift the less privileged members of society. The trusteeship model is rooted in the principle of Sarvodaya, meaning the welfare of all.

Under the trusteeship model, wealthy individuals or business owners voluntarily accept the responsibility of being trustees of their wealth. They are expected to use their resources for the welfare of the broader community, ensuring the well-being and development of the less fortunate. This approach aims to bridge the socioeconomic gap and create a more equitable society.


The trusteeship model suggests that the concentration of wealth in a few hands can lead to exploitation and inequality. By adopting a trustee mindset, Gandhi envisioned a society where the wealthier sections voluntarily share their resources, expertise, and influence to uplift the marginalized and create a more just and harmonious society.

It is important to note that the trusteeship model is a voluntary concept and does not involve coercion or the abolition of private property. Gandhi believed that individuals should retain the right to own and control their wealth but with a sense of responsibility towards society.


The trusteeship model of Gandhi continues to inspire discussions on social and economic justice, responsible capitalism, and the ethical use of resources in modern contexts. While it may not be universally adopted, it remains a significant concept in the realm of socio-economic philosophy and continues to influence discussions on wealth distribution and social responsibility.


The trusteeship model of Mahatma Gandhi has inspired and influenced various individuals, organizations, and movements over time. While not everyone may strictly adhere to Gandhi's model, there are several notable figures and groups who have embraced the concept of trusteeship in their work. Some examples include:

  1. J.R.D. Tata: J.R.D. Tata, a prominent industrialist and philanthropist, was influenced by Gandhi's trusteeship concept. He believed in using his wealth and resources for the betterment of society and adopted a socially responsible approach in managing the Tata Group of companies. He established various charitable trusts and initiatives focusing on education, healthcare, and rural development.

  2. G.D. Birla: G.D. Birla, another leading industrialist, was deeply inspired by Gandhi's philosophy and trusteeship concept. He emphasized the ethical use of wealth and worked towards the welfare of workers and local communities associated with his business empire. Birla established educational institutions, hospitals, and charitable organizations to address social and economic disparities.

  3. Jamnalal Bajaj: Jamnalal Bajaj, a freedom fighter and industrialist, was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. He embraced the trusteeship model and believed in the responsible use of wealth. Bajaj contributed significantly to various social causes, including education, rural development, and empowerment of the underprivileged.

  4. Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA): SEWA, founded by Ela Bhatt, is a trade union and women's empowerment organization based in India. SEWA follows the principles of Gandhian trusteeship, advocating for the rights and welfare of women in the informal sector. It promotes self-reliance, economic empowerment, and social justice for marginalized women.

  5. Grameen Bank: Although not directly influenced by Gandhi, the Grameen Bank founded by Muhammad Yunus in Bangladesh demonstrates principles of social entrepreneurship and financial inclusion that align with aspects of trusteeship. The bank provides microcredit and financial services to empower low-income individuals, particularly women and promotes sustainable development.

While these examples illustrate how individuals and organizations have embraced aspects of Gandhi's trusteeship model, it's important to note that interpretations and applications may vary. Different individuals and groups may adopt elements of trusteeship according to their own understanding and context, shaping their approach to philanthropy, corporate social responsibility, or community development.

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